Funerary Cones
Funerary cones were made of clay and stamped with the name and title of the deceased, and then set into plaster in a frieze over the entrance to the tomb.
Scarabs and Amulets
Scarabs were common both in life and death, typically placed on the third finger of the left hand, exactly where we found this fine example naming Pharaoh Ramesses II. The mummies were protected by amulets in the shape of various gods, animals, body parts, and hieroglyphs.
Burial Materials
We found fragments of mummy wrappings, masks, and coffins.
The jewelry we found at Tombos reflects the wealth of our colonists, including earrings of carnelian, jasper, and ivory - precious in those days when gemstones like diamonds weren't available.
Pottery and other utilitarian items
The prosperity of the site was also reflected in imported items - an ebony boomerang for hunting birds, an ivory bracelet from a nearby pit tomb. But most remarkable of all, we found two intact Mycenean flasks like the one shown here. These pots carried precious oils thousands of miles, all the way from mainland Greece.
Artifacts found in the survey
Artifacts collected during surface surveys are usually small fragments, but provide hints as to what might lie beneath the surface.