Funerary cones were made of clay and stamped with the
name and title of the deceased, and then set into plaster
in a frieze over the entrance to the tomb.
Scarabs and Amulets
Scarabs were common both in life and death, typically
placed on the third finger of the left hand, exactly where
we found this fine example naming Pharaoh Ramesses II.
The mummies were protected by amulets in the shape of
various gods, animals, body parts, and hieroglyphs.
The jewelry we found at Tombos reflects the wealth of
our colonists, including earrings of carnelian, jasper,
and ivory - precious in those days when gemstones like
diamonds weren't available.
Pottery and other utilitarian
The prosperity of the site was also reflected in imported
items - an ebony boomerang for hunting birds, an ivory
bracelet from a nearby pit tomb. But most remarkable of
all, we found two intact Mycenean flasks like the one
shown here. These pots carried precious oils thousands
of miles, all the way from mainland Greece.
Artifacts found in the
Artifacts collected during surface surveys are usually
small fragments, but provide hints as to what might lie
beneath the surface.